Mesenchymal stem cells give rise to a variety of cell types, including bone cells (osteocytes), cartilage cells (chondrocytes), liver cells (hepatocytes), pancreatic islet cells and muscle cells (myocytes) such as those found in heart. Mesenchymal stem cells can be found in umbilical cord tissue, bone marrow and fat. An extremely rich source of mesenchymal stem cells is the Adipose (fat) tissue. While considered multipotent, these stem cells may prove to be pluripotent, capable of generating all tissue types. Adipose (fat) tissue is one of the richest sources of mesenchymal stem cells. There are 500 times more mesenchymal stem cells in 1 gram of fat than there are in 1 gram of bone marrow.
Due to liposuction, extreme ease in collection at 15 years of age and above, they will probably constitute a major source for personal banking, research and multiple therapies. Mesenchymal stem cells are of intense therapeutic interest because they represent a population of cells with the potential to treat a wide range of acute and degenerative diseases.
For More Info: Minimal criteria for defining Msc , Msc characteristic for clinical application and its concerns , Prospering on Adipose for regenerative treatment , Safeness of adipose tissue towards human