Melasma is an acquired hypermelanosis of sun-exposed areas. Melasma presents as symmetrically distributed hyperpigmented macules, which can be confluent or punctate. Areas that receive excessive sun exposure, including the cheeks, the upper lip, the chin, and the forehead, are the most common locations. One of the most common treatments for melasma is sun protection. This means wearing sunscreen every day and reapplying the sunscreen every 2 hours. Dermatologists also recommend wearing a wide-brimmed hat when you are outside. Sunscreen alone may not give you the protection you need. When stem cells are transplanted into dermis layer, studies have shown that they suppress melanocytes and reduce the hyper pigmentation of the skin which consequently improve the coloring and quality of the skin.
The stem cell facelift is a complete facial rejuvenation procedure that does not involve surgery. The procedure avoids any incisions and helps in the lifting of the skin itself. The main function is to restore both the youthful contour and shape of the face. Another goal is to improve the skin quality and color irregularities caused by both the aging process and exposure to the sun and environment. Patients who have undergone this procedure frequently avoid or markedly reduce the need for other maintenance procedures like botulinum toxin and cosmetic filler injections.
The function of the procedure is based on the regenerative capacity of a group of cells called stem cells. Of the hundred trillion cells that make up the human body, stem cells are the most important category. They are among the few cells in the body that are specialized and have the potential to become a particular cell type and replace worn and damage cells.
When stem cells are transplanted, studies have shown that they grow and survive in these new areas helping to form new tissue at the transplanted site, enhancing the volume of the face, and skin elements which would improve both the quality and texture of the skin.